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International Journal of Innovation and Scientific Research
ISSN: 2351-8014
 
 
Monday 21 May 2018

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  Call for Papers (May 2018)  
 
 
 

Malaria Prevalence and Insecticide Treated Nets Usage in Argungu (North Western Nigeria)


Volume 6, Issue 2, August 2014, Pages 149–154

 Malaria Prevalence and Insecticide Treated Nets Usage in Argungu (North Western Nigeria)

Sani Abdullahi Fana, Emmanuel Babatope Alo, Rebecca Samuel Naphtali, and Pukuma Mikah Saleh

Original language: English

Received 18 April 2014

Copyright © 2014 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


Insecticide treated net (ITNs) is known to have a major impact on malaria control if properly used. The study was carried out to ascertain the impact of insecticide treated nets (ITNs) on malaria prevalence in Argungu, Northwestern Nigeria a decade after free distribution of ITNs. Questionnaires were administered to obtain relevant information such as: age, occupation, and ownership and use or otherwise of ITNs. Capillary blood samples obtained using sterile lancet were used in making thick blood films which were stained using Giemsa staining technique. The stained thick films were all examined microscopically for malaria parasites. Of the 300 household studied 226(75%) possessed at least one ITNs. Possession of ITNs is significantly associated with occupation (P<0.05). Eighty nine percent of the civil servants had at least one ITNs, and only 40% of the unemployed household had at least one ITNs. Not all these ITNs are being put into use. Only 113(57%) out of the 199 pregnant women used ITNs the night before the survey. Malaria prevalence is more among non ITNs users with proportionate decrease with increase in age among pregnant women. Impact of insecticide treated nets on preventing malaria may be minimized if they are not used properly most especially by the vulnerable populations.

Author Keywords: Malaria, Insecticide treated nets, prevalence, Argungu.


How to Cite this Article


Sani Abdullahi Fana, Emmanuel Babatope Alo, Rebecca Samuel Naphtali, and Pukuma Mikah Saleh, “Malaria Prevalence and Insecticide Treated Nets Usage in Argungu (North Western Nigeria),” International Journal of Innovation and Scientific Research, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 149–154, August 2014.