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International Journal of Innovation and Scientific Research
ISSN: 2351-8014
 
 
Monday 04 July 2022

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A novel design to allow recording multiple facial measurements without changing subject's position


Volume 12, Issue 1, November 2014, Pages 30–36

 A novel design to allow recording multiple facial measurements without changing subject's position

Khurshid A. Mattoo1, Anchal Brar2, and Surendra Pal Singh3

1 Department of Prosthodontics, Gizan University/College of dental sciences/Ministry of Education, Gizan, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Prosthodontics, Chowdhary Charan Singh/Kalka dental college/Kalka Group, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, India
3 Department of Prosthodontics, S.V.Subharti University/Subharti dental college/K.K.B Charitable Trust, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, India

Original language: English

Copyright © 2014 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


Statement of the problem: Research on the human face has seen a surge, especially with rapidly developing new concepts of dynaesthetics. Besides dentistry, medical specialties like surgery, forensics and ophthalmology have found renewed interest in studies on human face. In dentistry, specialists from the field of orthodontics, prosthodontics, orthognathic surgeons and aesthetic dentists have done considerable research on various landmarks of human face especially measurements between different landmarks. While researchers have focussed on different methods of measuring, none seemingly has focussed on the significance of stabilizing the subject on which measurements are made or the device with which measurements are made.
Purpose: To review the literature related to the methods used to measure facial parameters.
To design a new device that firmly stabilizes subject as well as measuring device.
Materials and methods: An innovative device was first designed from data obtained from measurements of average head sizes of various races. Thirty dentulous and thirty edentulous subjects were then selected on whom the reliability of the instrument was verified. For dentulous subjects three different observers measured predetermined facial parameter whereas for edentulous subjects, vertical dimensions were measured on the newly designed device called Subject stabilizing device. Vertical dimensions incorporated in the denture were approved in a two stage procedure.
Results: Distances between various different landmarks of the human face were measured without the subject having to move his/her head and without ever removing the measuring calliper from the device.
Conclusion: The device is reliable in measuring different clinical landmarks and can be particularly useful in research where measurements need to be standardized when large populations are studied.

Author Keywords: facial parameters, vertical dimensions of face, facial midline, interpupillary line, vernier calliper.


How to Cite this Article


Khurshid A. Mattoo, Anchal Brar, and Surendra Pal Singh, “A novel design to allow recording multiple facial measurements without changing subject's position,” International Journal of Innovation and Scientific Research, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 30–36, November 2014.