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International Journal of Innovation and Scientific Research
ISSN: 2351-8014
 
 
Saturday 22 September 2018

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Hydrogeochemistry and ground water quality in and around Joda of Keonjhar District, Odisha, India


Volume 12, Issue 2, December 2014, Pages 409–419

 Hydrogeochemistry and ground water quality in and around Joda of Keonjhar District, Odisha, India

A. Dash, H.K. Das, and B. Mishra

Original language: English

Received 30 September 2014

Copyright © 2014 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


The hydrochemical characterstics and quality of ground water in and around Joda have been evaluated collecting seventeen ground water samples in pre-monsoon and post monsoon periods for analysis of various physico-chemical parameters like pH, EC, TDS, total hardness, Ca2+, Mg2+, Na+, K+, CO32-, HCO3-, SO42,- NO3-, PO43-, Cl-. The recorded pH values ranging from 6.00-7.32 show that all the samples in pre-monsoon and most of the samples in post-monsoon periods are acidic in nature. More or less all samples are suitable for domestic use with respect to other parameters as per the BIS and WHO guidelines. Piper Trilinear plots indicate that the predominant hydro-chemical facies are Ca-HCO3 type in both the seasons and according to Gibbs diagram the source of ions are mainly due to rock weathering. Along with weathering of rocks and minerals, mining and domestic activities are the contributing factors for the addition of various ions in the water bodies. Wilcox diagram and other indices like % sodium, Sodium adsorption ratio, Residual sodium carbonates and Kelly's ratio reveal that most of the samples are suitable for irrigation. U.S Salinity diagram indicates that the water samples have low to medium salinity hazard and low to medium sodium hazard. All the samples are corrosive with respect to pH in pre-monsoon period and 76 % samples are corrosive in post monsoon period but all are free of incrusting property in both the seasons. The corrosivity ratio indicates that all samples are suitable for industrial use.

Author Keywords: physico-chemical parameters, hydrochemical facies, weathering, Piper Trilinear plot, salinity hazard, corrosivity.


How to Cite this Article


A. Dash, H.K. Das, and B. Mishra, “Hydrogeochemistry and ground water quality in and around Joda of Keonjhar District, Odisha, India,” International Journal of Innovation and Scientific Research, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 409–419, December 2014.