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International Journal of Innovation and Scientific Research
ISSN: 2351-8014
 
 
Monday 04 July 2022

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PHYSICOCHEMICAL AND BACTERIOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT OF GROUNDWATER QUALITY IN UGHELLI AND ITS ENVIRONS, DELTA STATE NIGERIA


Volume 14, Issue 2, April 2015, Pages 236–243

 PHYSICOCHEMICAL AND BACTERIOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT OF GROUNDWATER QUALITY IN UGHELLI AND ITS ENVIRONS, DELTA STATE NIGERIA

Moses Oghenenyoreme Eyankware1, Desmond O. Ufomata2, Effam C. Solomon3, and Obinna C. Akakuru4

1 Department of Geology, Faculty of Science Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki P.M.B 053 Ebonyi State, Nigeria
2 Department of Geology, Faculty of Physical Science University of Benin, Edo State, Nigeria
3 Department of Geology, Faculty of Science, Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki. P.M.B. 053, Ebonyi State, Nigeria
4 Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, Alvan Ikoku Federal College of Education, Owerri, Nigeria

Original language: English

Copyright © 2015 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


Groundwater samples were collected from Otovwodo-Ughelli and environ with the aim of assessing groundwater quality of the area. Twenty (20) water samples from Boreholes (BH) (six) and Hand dug wells (HDW) (fourteen) were randomly sampled and were analysed for different physiochemical and bacteriological parameters. The following 16 parameters have been considered viz: pH, Electrical Conductivity, temperature, Total hardness, Total Dissolved Solids, dissolved oxygen, Biological Oxygen Demand, phosphate, sulphate, chloride, nitrate, calcium, sodium, chloride, magnesium and Total Suspended Solids. On comparing the results against drinking quality standards laid by World Health Organization and Nigeria Industrial Standard, it was found that the water quality parameters were not above the (WHO, 2011 and NIS, 2007) permissible limit. Microbial analysis reveals the presence of coliform and E.coli in two hand-dug well (HDW7 and 13) and one borehole well (BH20). These contaminations are perhaps traceable to have originated from human activities (Septic tanks, latrines, dumpsites) and have affected the quality of groundwater in Otovwodo-Ughelli. From the Piper trilinear diagram, the dominant ionic specie is alkali bicarbonate water type, with bicarbonate as the predominant ion (Na+ + K+) - HCO3- .

Author Keywords: Groundwater, Pollution, Ughelli, Nigeria Industrial Standard and WHO Standard.


How to Cite this Article


Moses Oghenenyoreme Eyankware, Desmond O. Ufomata, Effam C. Solomon, and Obinna C. Akakuru, “PHYSICOCHEMICAL AND BACTERIOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT OF GROUNDWATER QUALITY IN UGHELLI AND ITS ENVIRONS, DELTA STATE NIGERIA,” International Journal of Innovation and Scientific Research, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 236–243, April 2015.