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International Journal of Innovation and Scientific Research
ISSN: 2351-8014
 
 
Monday 24 September 2018

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Income and expenditure strictures in rural area of Katanga: case study of Mimbulu and Kamarenge in territory of Kipushi


Volume 20, Issue 1, January 2016, Pages 103–110

 Income and expenditure strictures in rural area of Katanga: case study of Mimbulu and Kamarenge in territory of Kipushi

Mushagalusa Balasha Arsene, Tshomba Kulumbu John, Kadiata Mwamba Emmanuel, Francis Onakudu Lunula, Z. Mushobekwa Faustin, and Nkulu Mwine Fyama Jules

Original language: English

Received 27 May 2015

Copyright © 2016 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


The poverty which shakes the DR Congo and the province of Katanga in particular is the basis of social problems. It is known that poverty is accentuated in rural areas where the labour market in industry and services remain almost non-existent. To provide for household needs, household heads cope by seizing opportunities available in their areas. The present paper focused on rural income and household expenditures in order to apprehend rural poverty in two villages of Kipushi territory. This paper followed three objectives, especially the determination of the sources of incomes, the comparison between female and male headed household's income and the identification of the main household expenditures. To arrive there, an investigation aimed 80 household heads taken in a random way in 2 villages namely Mimbulu and Kamarenge. The results reveal that the majority of household heads are males. The main sources of income identified are agriculture, petty trade of agricultural products, charcoal production and artisanal mining. Artisanal mining provides the highest monthly income (US$ 150-158.3). No significant difference was observed between the two villages compared but a deep gap has been noted between the male and female headed households (P=0.016). The main posts of expenditures are food (72%), children's education (21%) and health (7%). The relevance of these results is that looking at income level and its different sources provides rich insights to help improve the understanding of poverty in rural areas.

Author Keywords: Poverty, household, income, head household, diversification.


How to Cite this Article


Mushagalusa Balasha Arsene, Tshomba Kulumbu John, Kadiata Mwamba Emmanuel, Francis Onakudu Lunula, Z. Mushobekwa Faustin, and Nkulu Mwine Fyama Jules, “Income and expenditure strictures in rural area of Katanga: case study of Mimbulu and Kamarenge in territory of Kipushi,” International Journal of Innovation and Scientific Research, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 103–110, January 2016.