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International Journal of Innovation and Scientific Research
ISSN: 2351-8014
 
 
Saturday 11 July 2020

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Association between serum cytokine levels and severity of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in Northern India


Volume 18, Issue 2, October 2015, Pages 357–361

 Association between serum cytokine levels and severity of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in Northern India

Seema Singh, S. K. Verma, Santosh Kumar, M. K. Ahmad, Mohd Waseem, S. K. Singh, Anuradha Nischal, and R. K. Dixit

Original language: English

Received 23 July 2015

Copyright © 2015 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


The present study was designed to assess the serum cytokines [Interleukin-1β (IL-1β), Interleukin-6 (IL-6), Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α)] levels in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients and they were correlated with severity of disease by spirometric measurements. Finding of the present study is that among the severity of COPD stages, there was significant (p<0.01) difference in the level of TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1β. TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1β levels were also significantly (p<0.05) higher in serum among the very severe COPD than mild, moderate and severe COPD patients. There was direct correlation in cytokines levels of TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-6 in patients with COPD and their severity. The present study signifies that the levels of TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-6 are directly proportional to the post bronchodilator FEV1 percentage. Our results provide population-based evidence that COPD is independently associated with low-grade systemic inflammation, with a different inflammatory pattern than that observed in healthy subjects. Overall, these results identify a novel systemic inflammatory COPD phenotype that may be the target of specific research and treatment.

Author Keywords: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Inflammatory markers, Severity, Spirometric analysis.


How to Cite this Article


Seema Singh, S. K. Verma, Santosh Kumar, M. K. Ahmad, Mohd Waseem, S. K. Singh, Anuradha Nischal, and R. K. Dixit, “Association between serum cytokine levels and severity of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in Northern India,” International Journal of Innovation and Scientific Research, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 357–361, October 2015.