|
Twitter
|
Facebook
|
Google+
|
VKontakte
|
LinkedIn
|
 
 
International Journal of Innovation and Scientific Research
ISSN: 2351-8014
 
 
Saturday 17 November 2018

About IJISR

News

Submission

Downloads

Archives

Custom Search

Contact

Connect with IJISR

   
 
 
 

Anatomical variation of the azygos vein in human cadavers


Volume 25, Issue 2, July 2016, Pages 368–372

 Anatomical variation of the azygos vein in human cadavers

Samy Ismail Ahmed Mustafa, Tahir Osman Ali, and Aamir Ali Ahmed

Original language: English

Received 26 April 2016

Copyright © 2016 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


Thirty embalmed adult human cadavers irrespective of age, sex and cause of death, were selected for this study over a period of one year to determine the azygos vein formation and drainage patterns. This study revealed four varieties regarding azygos vein formation. In twenty two cases (73.3%), the azygos vein formed by the confluence of the right subcostal and right ascending lumbar vein. It formed by the right subcostal vein with a contribution from the inferior vena cava (IVC) in three cases (10.0%) while, it formed by the right and left subcostal veins in three cases (10.0%) and in two cases (6.7%) formed by the right subcostal vein only. Moreover, in twenty three cases (76.67%), the azygos vein showed usual course and tributaries. Five cases (16.67%) revealed midline azygos vein with independent left lower eight posterior intercostal and subcostal veins. One case (3.33%) showed (H) shape azygos system. Independent double azygos veins were found in one case (3.33%). Based on the results, the azygos vein can take different developmental variations. Such variations are important in mediastinal surgery, imperative for reporting radiologists and have clinical importance. Variations in the formation and drainage pattern of the azygos vein are not clearly described in the literature. In this study the possible causes of these types of variations are discussed in view of the embryological development.

Author Keywords: Azygos vein, Surgical, Embryological, Embalmed, Variations, Anatomy.


How to Cite this Article


Samy Ismail Ahmed Mustafa, Tahir Osman Ali, and Aamir Ali Ahmed, “Anatomical variation of the azygos vein in human cadavers,” International Journal of Innovation and Scientific Research, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 368–372, July 2016.