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International Journal of Innovation and Scientific Research
ISSN: 2351-8014
 
 
Thursday 15 November 2018

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Spatial distribution of the hydraulic infrastructures in the municipality of Kandi in the North of Benin


[ Distribution spatiale des infrastructures hydrauliques dans la commune de Kandi au nord du Bénin ]

Volume 26, Issue 2, September 2016, Pages 516–532

 Spatial distribution of the hydraulic infrastructures in the municipality of Kandi in the North of Benin

Djafarou ASSOUMA ISSA, Christophe Sègbè HOUSSOU, Abib Guimmongui SABI OROU BOGO, and Sabi Bédari BIO-YO

Original language: French

Received 3 July 2016

Copyright © 2016 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


The difficulties of access to drinking water in the municipality of Kandi are especially related on the unequal distribution of the hydraulic infrastructures and the frequent breakdowns of some of these works. This bad spatialization of the hydraulic works, added to under information and the low-income of the households decrease the accessibility of the majority of these households to the sources of water of required quality. The objective of this research is to study the accessibility of the populations to the hydraulic works in the municipality of Kandi. In a specific way, it was a question of inventorying the types of works available, of mapping them and of analyzing their spatial distribution. The adopted methodological approach is based on the one hand on the data collected starting from data sheets of the regional service of hydraulics of Alibori and an investigation of ground having allowed to collect the geospatial data bound to the works. On the other hand, the polygon of Thiessen was generated from the software Arc Gis 10.3 to arrest better the spatial cover of its hydraulic infrastructures. The obtained results allowed to appreciate the degree of accessibility of the populations to the hydraulic infrastructures in this municipality.

Author Keywords: Drinking water, hydraulic works, accessibility, spatial cover, Kandi.


Abstract: (french)


Les difficultés d’accès à l’eau potable dans la commune de Kandi sont surtout liées à l’inégale répartition des infrastructures hydrauliques et aux pannes fréquentes de certains de ces ouvrages. Cette mauvaise spatialisation des ouvrages hydrauliques, ajoutée à la sous information et le faible revenu des ménages diminuent l’accessibilité de la majorité de ces ménages aux sources d’eau de qualité requise. L’objectif de cette recherche est d’étudier l’accessibilité des populations aux ouvrages hydrauliques dans la commune de Kandi. De façon spécifique, il s’est agi d’inventorier les types d’ouvrages disponibles, de les cartographier et d’analyser leur distribution spatiale. La démarche méthodologique adoptée est basée d’une part sur les données collectées à partir des fiches techniques du Service Régional de l’Hydraulique de l’Alibori et une enquête de terrain ayant permis de collecter les données géo-spatiales liées aux ouvrages. D’autre part, le polygone de Thiessen a été généré à partir du logiciel Arc Gis 10.3 pour mieux appréhender la couverture spatiale de ces infrastructures hydrauliques. Les résultats obtenus ont permis d’apprécier le degré d’accessibilité des populations aux infrastructures hydrauliques dans cette commune.

Author Keywords: Eau potable, ouvrages hydrauliques, accessibilité, couverture spatiale, Kandi.


How to Cite this Article


Djafarou ASSOUMA ISSA, Christophe Sègbè HOUSSOU, Abib Guimmongui SABI OROU BOGO, and Sabi Bédari BIO-YO, “Spatial distribution of the hydraulic infrastructures in the municipality of Kandi in the North of Benin,” International Journal of Innovation and Scientific Research, vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 516–532, September 2016.