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International Journal of Innovation and Scientific Research
ISSN: 2351-8014
 
 
Saturday 17 November 2018

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Analyzing the determinants of profitability of organic and conventional cotton in Benin


[ Analyse des déterminants de la rentabilité du coton biologique et conventionnel au Bénin ]

Volume 39, Issue 1, October 2018, Pages 79–90

 Analyzing the determinants of profitability of organic and conventional cotton in Benin

Tovignan D. Silvère, Epiphane SODJINOU, Laurent C. Glin, Hinvi Jonas, Bonou-zin Dossi Clarisse Regina, Koussahoué Stanislas, and Gian Nicolay

Original language: French

Received 4 June 2018

Copyright © 2018 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


This study analyses the profitability of organic and conventional cotton in Benin and assesses their determinant factors. The research was carried out in three districts including Glazoue, Banikoara, and Tanguieta. Those localities belong to different agro ecological areas. For the purpose of this research, we used a quantitative approach based on structured interviews. We adopted a stratified sampling in three stages (national, regional and local levels). In all, we interviewed 215 household-heads (males and females), of which 111 conventional farmers and 104 organic farmers. It stands out that cotton production (both conventional and organic) is profitable in all the three areas. Organic cotton is more profitable than conventional cotton in spite of its lower yields. In fact, organic cotton farmers make use of locally available inputs, which are cheaper than the chemical inputs employed by conventional farmers. Moreover, organic cotton farmers benefit from premium, which combined with the low costs of production compensate the yield gap. Overall, the main determinants of the profitability of cotton (conventional and organic) include: the intensity of technical support, amount of credit, quantity of family labor force, level of education, practice of fallow, and the quantity of family labor devoted to pesticide sprays.

Author Keywords: financial performance, determinant factors, organic cotton, conventional cotton, Benin.


Abstract: (french)


L’objectif de l’article est de faire une analyse financière comparative de la production du coton biologique et du coton conventionnel ainsi que les déterminants de leur rentabilité. L’étude a été conduite dans les communes de Glazoué, Banikoara et Tanguiéta appartenant à trois zones agro écologiques différentes. Dans chacune de ces communes, les données été collectées, dans des villages produisant les deux types de coton, sur un échantillon aléatoire stratifié de 215 producteurs (111 producteurs conventionnels et 104 biologiques). Il ressort des résultats obtenus que le coton biologique et le coton conventionnel sont rentables dans les trois zones d’étude. Le coton biologique a présenté les meilleures performances financières. D’une manière générale les principaux facteurs déterminant la rentabilité du coton sont de trois ordres : institutionnel (intensité de l’encadrement, montant du crédit), socio démographique et économique (nombre d’actifs agricoles et niveau d’instruction) et technique (pratique de la jachère et quantité de main d’œuvre familiale allouée aux traitements phytosanitaires).

Author Keywords: performance financière, coton biologique, conventionnel, Bénin.


How to Cite this Article


Tovignan D. Silvère, Epiphane SODJINOU, Laurent C. Glin, Hinvi Jonas, Bonou-zin Dossi Clarisse Regina, Koussahoué Stanislas, and Gian Nicolay, “Analyzing the determinants of profitability of organic and conventional cotton in Benin,” International Journal of Innovation and Scientific Research, vol. 39, no. 1, pp. 79–90, October 2018.