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International Journal of Innovation and Scientific Research
ISSN: 2351-8014
 
 
Saturday 27 February 2021

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Morocco’s National Innovation System: Exploratory study


[ Le Système National d’Innovation du Maroc: Etude exploratoire ]

Volume 52, Issue 2, January 2021, Pages 223–238

 Morocco’s National Innovation System: Exploratory study

Abdelilah Elkhadri1

1 Faculté des Sciences Juridiques économiques et sociales Souissi, Université Mohamed V, Rabat, Morocco

Original language: French

Received 13 December 2020

Copyright © 2021 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


Since practically the 2000s, Morocco has continued to consolidate its National Innovation System (INS), in order to create an environment conducive to innovation. The Moroccan government has put in place a number of plans and devices, aimed at giving new impetus to innovation and catching up with the delay recorded in this area, compared to developed countries, but above all, compared to emerging and competing countries. Also, he initiated several legal and institutional reforms, which led to the emergence of a set of institutional actors, constituting the backbone of the Moroccan INS, such as political support bodies, the system of research, networking structures, support infrastructures, all at the service of innovative companies. The analysis of the path of consolidation of the Moroccan INS teaches us the existence of several obstacles, of a structural nature, likely to prevent its maturation and, consequently, its role in the dynamics of learning.

Author Keywords: National system of Innovation, Large Appraoch, knowledge economy, Scientific research, R&D, institutional actors, clusters, cities of innovation.


Abstract: (french)


Depuis pratiquement les années 2000, le Maroc ne cesse de consolider son Système National d'Innovation (SNI), afin de créer un environnement propice à l'innovation. Le gouvernement marocain a mis en place un certain nombre de plans et dispositifs, visant à donner un nouvel élan à l'innovation et à rattraper le retard enregistré dans ce domaine, par rapport aux pays développés, mais surtout, par rapport aux pays émergents et concurrents. Aussi, Il a engagé plusieurs réformes institutionnelles, ayant conduit à l'émergence d'un ensemble d'acteurs institutionnels, constituant l'épine dorsale du SNI marocain, tels que les instances d'appui politique, le système de recherche, les structures de mise en réseau, les infrastructures de soutien, au service des entreprises innovantes. L'analyse du chemin de consolidation du SNI marocain nous apprend l'existence de plusieurs obstacles, d'ordre structurel, susceptibles d'empêcher sa maturation et, par conséquent, son rôle dans la dynamique d'apprentissage.

Author Keywords: Système National d’Innovation, approche large, économie de la connaissance, Recherche scientifique, R&D, acteurs institutionnels, clusters, cités d’innovation, Technopôles.


How to Cite this Article


Abdelilah Elkhadri, “Morocco’s National Innovation System: Exploratory study,” International Journal of Innovation and Scientific Research, vol. 52, no. 2, pp. 223–238, January 2021.