This article takes the special exhibition «Exploring the Internet of Things» that will be moved to the Macao Science Museum in 2021 as an example, and conducts quantitative analysis through the «Online to Onsite visitor behavior system» built with the exhibition, and attempts to compare the same interactive multimedia display in this exhibition. Differences in audience satisfaction, visiting behavior and learning ability between the Macao Science Museum and the National Science and Technology Museum. The results show that there is no significant difference in the satisfaction of audiences with different cultural backgrounds for interactive installations, but the part of the visiting behavior that is comprehensively expressed in the National Science and Technology Museum. is «high-level participation», while Macao Science Museum, under the public’s awareness of epidemic prevention, has reduced the level of participation. The willingness to interact only falls on the «middle-level participation». In the design of the display content and the presentation method of the display instructions, the Macao Science Museum has two units. The performance of the «correct rate» of answering or calculating questions is almost full, showing its excellent learning ability, indicating that it fully understands the scientific knowledge that this special exhibition intends to convey.With the characteristics of interactive multimedia display, the National Science and Technology Museum introduces information and communication technology, integrates the structure of the visiting behavior database into the exhibition, and proposes a virtual and real integration of intelligent museum display mode. The cloud-based online evaluation of «one exhibition, two audiences» verifies that this is a valuable combination of new thinking and practice in museology, which can be used as a reference for other museums to conduct overseas exhibitions in the future.
This article analyzes, through an essentially qualitative approach, the shift in denominations of Ivorian religious leaders in the Pentecostal milieu in Île-de-France, moving from official designations to «professional» designations. The study is based on observations and semi-structured interviews with religious leaders. The results highlight different dynamics. First, the new designations respond to a marketing challenge. Second, the role of pastor has become more than just a status, it has become a central function in the Pentecostal community of Ivorian immigrants in Île-de-France. Finally, the different denominations observed among immigration candidates are related to a process of identity construction.
Tsetse flies are the only biological vectors of animal and human trypanosomosis. They occur only in Africa and are dependent on vegetation, islets, forests, galleries. These places generally constitute places of hunting, culture of peaches or market gardens for the populations. The present study aims to determine the vegetation index (NDVI) in relation to the number of tsetse flies captured in two communes of two different regions. Tsetse flies were captured in Mali, along watercourses using biconical and monoconical traps in 3 riverside villages in the commune of Mandé (Koulikoro region) and 3 villages in the commune of Kita (Kayes region). For each site, tsetse number, density and NDVI were determined. In the commune of Mandé, 589 flies were caught. The mean apparent density was 12.80 flies/trap/day. In the cotton zone of Kita, 173 flies were caught with an average apparent density of 4.35 flies/trap/day. The vegetation index in Taliko (Kita) was equal to that of Samalé (0.27). Similarly the NDVI of Badala was equal to that of Samanko (0.32). Farabana had recorded the highest NDVI. A correlation test between the number of flies caught and the vegetation index (NDVI) shows that the DAP is not a function of the NDVI. These results show that the high number of flies caught is not directly related to the vegetation index.
The philosophy of G. W. F. Hegel is a philosophy of negativity which puts the commerce of thought or reason under the mediation of negation. This philosophy, the premises of which can be seen in the first part of the system of Hegelian philosophy represented by the Phenomenology of Spirit, is the long and laborious path of negation that The Sciences of Logic will complete. At the time (Jena) when Hegel had his eyes resolutely turned towards the future of philosophy or science in general, how to achieve this future was of more concern for the German philosopher. He is credited with the paternity of the dialectical method thanks to the place he gives to the concept of negation which has become the engine of his philosophy. With Hegel, the negative is no longer the formal sign of disagreement, but a requirement to lead subjectivity or determinations respectively to absolute subjectivity or to a higher form. Negativity therefore acts in Hegel as a driving principle allowing thought to elevate itself by negating itself. Also, we can say that the role that the negative plays in Hegelian philosophy comes from the fact that it manages to express the essence of everything thanks to the dialectic of opposites that every human being experiences. Whence the ontological status of negativity which has become dear to Hegel and to all his philosophy. The objective of this research is to show the necessity of the prominent role that belongs to negation in philosophy, or the place that belongs to negativity in Hegelian philosophy and the theoretical presuppositions that are imposed on Hegelian thought because of its attachment to negation as a path to truth.
Introduction: The objective of the study is to investigate the factors associated with trachoma in the Diourbel Health District (HD) in Senegal in 2019. Methodology: This is a cross-sectional, descriptive, and analytical study conducted in June 2019 among households in the Diourbel HD. It was a two-stage random sample survey. Data were collected during an individual interview after free and informed consent. Logistic regression was used to identify factors associated with trachoma. Results: 3544 individuals aged 1 year to 9 years and 3402 individuals aged 15 years and older, respectively in the active trachoma (AT) and trachomatous trichiasis (TT) components were surveyed. Among the 1-9 year olds, 1973 individuals or 55.7% of the respondents were less than 5 years old. 1864 individuals or 52.6% were female. The prevalence of BP was 2.0% [1.5%-2.5%]. Among those aged 15 years and over, 2250 individuals or 66.1% of the respondents were aged 15-44 years. 2498 individuals or 73.4% of the respondents were female. The prevalence of TT was 1.6% [1.1%-2.0%]. Among 1-year-olds to 9-year-olds, the age range 3 years to 4 years: ORA= 2.66 [1.31-5.41] and latrine outside the home: ORA= 17.73 [4.01-78.36] were significantly associated with BP. In the 15+ age group, the age groups 45-64 years: ORA= 17.79 [6.82- 46.37], 65-74 years: ORA= 22.9 [7.98- 65.69], and 75+ years: ORA= 18.83 [5.9- 60.14] were significantly associated with TT. Conclusion: The Diourbel HD validated the WHO criteria for elimination of BP, but TT still remains a public health problem. The risk factors associated with TT were age and latrine outside the home. The risk factor associated with TT was age. Thus, in order to obtain the certificate of elimination of trachoma in the Diourbel Health District by 2024, the focus must be on effective health promotion on the one hand, and on the other hand, on close coordination and multisectoral action in the health sector and beyond.
In this study, we propose to realize a didactic engineering on the notion of arithmetic and geometric succession numbers through the «hidden cages game». We went from the society game called « kede game » seeming the game of marelle, which we transformed in a class game we named « hidden cages game » as a basic didactic situation for the learning of arithmetic and geometric succession numbers. From this basic situation, a didactic progression with pupils’ procedures was conceived and has been subjected to the experimentation in a real class. The transformed game consists of filling in the empty cages of a two-column table, subdivided into 6 cages each, which the learner must complete by performing an arithmetic and geometric succession numbers. We resorted to the group work method during our experimental sessions to implement the four didactic moments: action moment, formation moment, proof or validation moment, institutionalization moment. In confronting the a priori analysis and the posteriori analysis, we validated the didactic progression in question which can be used for teaching and learning of arithmetic and geometric succession numbers.
At the end of this study, we concluded that didactic variables from hidden cages game allow us to conceive a didactic progression for the learning of the concept of arithmetic and geometric succession numbers.
Autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AHAI) is rarely associated with multiple myeloma (MM), may be present at diagnosis or during disease progression, and its pathogenic mechanisms remain unclear. We report the case of a 57-year-old insulin-treated diabetic patient admitted for severe autoimmune hemolytic anemia with warm IgG antibodies. Serum protein electrophoresis revealed a monoclonal IgG lambda protein, urine immunofixation showed a lambda light chain, and the bone marrow was 25% infiltrated with plasma cells. Corticosteroid therapy in combination with treatment for multiple myeloma resulted in remission of the anemia.
Although rare, AHAI should be considered in MM patients with severe anemia and frequent transfusion requirements.
Introduction: Peripheral hematopoietic stem cell transplantation followed by maintenance Lenalidomide remains the standard of care for patients with multiple myeloma. The development of myelodysplastic syndrome is a serious complication that increases patient morbidity and mortality.
Observation: We report the case of a young patient who developed a secondary myelodysplastic syndrome one year after autologous stem cell transplantation for multiple myeloma.
Conclusion: With the improved survival of patients with multiple myeloma, early diagnosis of complications secondary to autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, including myelodysplastic syndrome, should be part of the long-term care of these patients.
Severe climatic fluctuations are causing multiple damages to the major components of the rubber cultivation systems in the Dabou department. These damages constitute factors of vulnerability of these rubber-growing systems. Thus, local stakeholders in the cultivation systems do not remain inert in the face of climatic impacts. Therefore, the question that emerges from this subject is: what are the strategies put in place by the actors of the rubber cultivation systems in the face of climatic irregularities in the department of Dabou? The objective of this study is to determine the strategies for revitalizing rubber cultivation in the face of variations in climatic parameters in the department of Dabou. The methodology was based on climatological data and field surveys. The statistical methods of Nicholson and correlations were used. Direct observation and interviews provided information on the strategies for revitalizing rubber production in the area. The results obtained indicate a downward trend in rainfall and an upward trend in temperature, both of which have an impact on rubber yields. As a result, in the face of this climatic situation, strategies for revitalization are being undertaken by stakeholders in the rubber industry.
This paper examines the impact of the use of the term «slash and burn» in the agricultural sector in Côte d’Ivoire and the impact of the term «slash and burn» in the sub-prefecture of Bazra-Natis on the agricultural sector. To protect crops and improve productivity, farmers make extensive use of chemical pesticides without, however, controlling their agro-economic, health and environmental consequences. For this reason, this study aims to show the socio-sanitary and environmental impact of pesticide use on rural populations in the sub-prefecture of Bazra-Natis. The data collection methodology was based on documentary research and field surveys. Thus, on the basis of a reasoned choice survey (quotas) and a simple random draw, 5 villages and 50 farmers were selected as the statistical unit with the help of High Level Specialised Technicians in Annual and Perennial Crops (HLSTAPC) and Rural Development Animators (RDA) of the National Agency for Support to Rural Development (NASRD) on the basis of the diversity and dynamics of agricultural activities, and of the strong presence of phytosanitary products in these localities. The results reveal that farmers, who are mostly illiterate (54%), make massive use of all types of pesticides (herbicide, insecticide, fungicide) in their agricultural activities. The results also show that, while these pesticides are a factor in increasing productivity and income for farmers, they are responsible for several human ailments and pathologies (skin diseases, respiratory and eye irritations, gastric and hormonal disorders, headaches) and are also harmful and destructive to the environment. Hence the need to train rural people in agricultural techniques and in wearing personal protective equipment.
In Morocco, according to WHO estimates, the prevalence rate of diabetes in the adult population is 12.4%. This pathology is the cause of more than 12,000 deaths per year. Glycemic control prevents the progression of most complications. Currently, glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) is the most relevant biological marker for monitoring diabetic patients. The objective of this work is to study the correlation between HbA1c and fasting blood sugar (G0) in diabetic patients at the CHI Ibn Rochd in Casablanca. Fasting blood glucose was sampled on a dry tube and analyzed on the Alinity ® Abbott automaton by an enzymatic method using Hexokinase. The HbA1c assay, taken on tri-potassium EDTA, was carried out by High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) on an ADAMS TM A1c HA-8180v automaton. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS software. The correlation between HbA1c and G0 was positive with the Pearson correlation coefficient at r=0.69 and P < 0.001. A 1% rise in the HbA1c value would correspond approximately to a 0.69 g/l rise for the G0 found from the regression curve equation: HbA1C= 4.680 + 1.458 x G0. Our study found a good correlation between fasting blood glucose and HbA1c in Moroccan diabetic adults, which could be useful in clinical practice for better control of glycemic balance.
In this study, we examine the determinants of the adoption of electronic services of the Moroccan Ministry of the Interior using the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT) as a theoretical framework. The main objective is to identify the factors influencing the intention to use and the effective adoption of e-government services by Moroccan citizens, with a focus on expected performance, expected effort, facilitating conditions, and social influence. To this end, a quantitative survey was conducted with a sample of 246 Moroccan citizens, and the data collected were analyzed using factor analysis and multiple regression. The results show that expected performance, facilitating conditions, and social influence are determining factors for the intention to use and adoption of e-government services by Moroccan citizens. This research has significant implications for policymakers and practitioners in the field of e-government. The findings of the study suggest that to promote the adoption of online services of the Ministry of the Interior, it is crucial to take into account these key factors and implement measures aimed at improving expected performance, facilitating conditions, and social influence.