Main objective is to manufacture a mobile oil filter plant with the ability of degassing & drying of oil. And also to increase the quality of used transformer oil. Manufacturing of this oil Filtration plant is done with the help of paper filter, magnetic filter and micron filter. Removing of moisture present in the oil with the help of vacuum pump. Sample of used oil of 500 Litre is tested with the manufactured mobile filter plant, the results were very positive. The moisture content in the oil is 3 ppm after the filtration of oil. The Di-Electric strength of oil increased as expected.
This study was an attempt to see the relationship between perceived mother's warmth (an important ingredient of maternal acceptance) and social support (an ingredient of quality of relationship). After literature review it was hypothesized that perceived mother's acceptance would be positively correlated with social support from mother. A sample of 200 students (100 male, 100 female), of ages 20-25 years was randomly sampled from educational institutions. The participants provided their consent and demographic information and filled following questionaries; (1) Perceived Maternal Warmth Sub-scale of Adult PAQR/CONTROL: Mother (Short form) (Rohner, 2004), (2) Quality of relationship inventory (QRI, Pierce, Sarason, Sarason, Solky-Butzel & Nagle, 1994). Statistical analysis reveals that perceived mother's warmth is positively correlated to social support with mother. Avenues for future researches are also suggested.
The aim of the study was to obtain a discriminant function that can be used to classify the mode of delivery of pregnant women using some variables. Data from Health Records of 184 Pregnant women who delivered at the General Hospital, Wuse were used. The data consist of Mother's Weight, Height, Age and Baby's Weight, Baby's Gender and mode of delivery (Natural birth and Caesarian Section). This indicates that the Mother's Age and Mother's weight significantly affects the discrimination between the two groups. The Discriminant function D(X), which can be used in classifying the mode of delivery of women was obtained and used. The discriminant analysis gave a correct classification rate of 64.7% and misclassification rate of 35.3%.
The increasing research in the areas of information technology has a positive impact in the world of education.The implementation of e-learning is one of contribution from information technology to the world of education. The implementation of e-learning has been implemented by several educational institutions. E-learning provides many benefits such as flexibility, diversity, measurement, and so on. The current e-learning applications required large investments in infrastructure systems regardless of commercial or open source e-learning application It can be challenging to implement e-learning in educational institutions. Another problem that can arise in the use of e-learning trend today is more likely to institution building their own e-learning system itself. If two or more institutions are willing to build and use an e-learning so they can minimize the expenditure to develop the system and share learning materials more likely happened. This paper presents the benefits of using cloud computing for e-learning. there are many educational institutions that cannot afford such investments, and cloud computing is the best solution, especially in the universities where the use of computers are more intensive and what can be done to increase the benefits of common applications for students and teachers .In addition to this paper we also illustrated the shift paradigm from conventional e-learning to cloud-based e-learning and described the expected benefits by using cloud-based e-learning.
The present work contribute to the study of the impact of the use of wastewater in irrigation of agricultural soils. The main objective is to diagnose the state of metal pollution of soils. The obtained results from the physic-chemical analysis on samples selected along the wadi Boumoussa (natural drain wastewater from the city of Settat) emphasize that these soils are sandy loam with a slightly basic pH, the electrical conductivity parameter expressing the ionic charge, varies between 1100μS/cm 1500μS/cm which refer these soils in class 0 (unsalted ground) and the organics values are between 2% and 3.5%. These values classify our soil as organic matter moyennent provided. While their cation exchange capacity (CEC) is very high. The studied soils are rich in phosphorus (P2O5> 5) and nitrate (NO3-> 30ppm). Assessed values of exchangeable cations is; calcium (CaO <2991.1 ppm), magnesium (MgO <2995.1 ppm), and potassium (K2O> 500 ppm). The analysis of heavy metals showed remarkable concentrations of Pb (26.37 ppm) and Zn (22.37 ppm) with a high pollution index (PLI> 2).
In African countries including Ghana, where there is increasing urbanization, solid waste management constitutes one of the most crucial health and environmental problem in most towns and cities. The situation is similar in the Tain District, where the rapid pace of urbanization has come with a rapid increase in the volume of solid waste generated from production and consumption activities. In addition, the recent proliferation of polythene bags for packaging food, water and other packageable goods has seriously aggravated the situation in the district. This study examined the effects of improper solid waste management on public health and the environment in the Tain District. Interview schedule and field observation were the main tool and method respectively for gathering data from 152 households and 4 key informants which were selected through the convenient and purposive sampling techniques. Data gathered from the households was analyzed using Statistical Product for Service Solution and Excel software. In addition, content analysis was employed to analyze data gathered from the key informants. The findings indicate that air pollution, outbreak of diseases, flooding and river contamination are the major effects of improper solid waste management in the study communities. Based on these findings, the study recommends that the Waste Management Department and the Environmental Health and Sanitation Units should enforce the waste management legislations in the Tain District. In addition, an introduction of waste management into the school curriculum will enable the country have a generation with a new mindset towards the huge volumes of solid waste we generate in our neighborhoods.
"Real time speech to text" can be defined as accurate conversion of words that represents uttered word instantly after speaking. Speech-to-text-conversion is a useful tool for integrating people with hearing impairments in oral communication settings, e. g. counseling interviews or conferences. However, the transfer of speech into written language in real time requires special techniques as it must be very fast and correct to be understandable. Our aim is to develop software that enhances the user's way of speech through correctness of pronunciation following the English phonetics. This software allows one to learn, judge and recognize their potential in English language. It also facilitates an extra add-on feature which nourishes the user's communication skills by an option of text to speech conversion also. The paper introduces and discusses different techniques for speech to text conversion and its process that described in complement with the options that are already in use. This paper presents a method to design a Text to Speech con version module by the use of Matlab. This method is simple to implement and involves much lesser use of memory spaces.
This paper aims to study the degree of efficiency of health systems in the countries of the two shores of the Mediterranean. We analyze the classification of these countries to identify particularly efficient and inefficient groups of countries. From the point of view of method, we use the estimation method (DEA). We also use a combination of inputs and outputs. In our model, we use as outputs, life expectancy at birth, survival of children under five years and adult survival rates as inputs, we chose health spending $ current, Adult literacy rates. We rely on the input orientation approach to variable returns to scale. The efficiency scores were calculated using the DEAP software (Coelli, 1996). The average efficiencies of scores (NRP) in 2010 is equal to 0.934.
In this research paper, the objective is to highlight the degree of contribution of the agricultural sector in the region of Monastir to Economic growth of our country: "Tunisia". We limit ourselves to the study of regional development of agriculture in this region. This is to see the impact of this sector stage of development on economic growth. The question that concerns us is this: Is agriculture as an economic activity is involved in a huge way in the growth of the country? Or there are other more important areas in the region that are the core of economic development. Several hypotheses resulting which we quote which states that agriculture in the region and because of the recorded fluctuations had a negative impact on the country's economic growth and participates in a less efficient way, its role is less important comparison with other operative sectors in the region (manufacturing and non-manufacturing industries, Tourism, Services,...etc.). Several theoretical and empirical studies have shown that agriculture contributes an effective way to growth. Empirically, based on the time series, we will determine the contribution of the agricultural sector development and fisheries beyond fifteen years on growth and the country's economic development. Econometric results we found, it was found that agriculture contributed less efficiently to economic growth compared with other countries more competitive sectors and have considerable share in GDP and contribute more effectively to the economic development of Tunisia.
With excellent electrical, optical, magnetic and mechanical properties as well as large specific surface area, graphene has been applied in next-generation nano-electronics, ultra-high frequency device, transparent electrical conductors, composite materials, and superior energy capacitors etc. Functionalization of graphene has become a focus of extraordinary interest, because they cannot only stabilize, but also induce new properties of graphene. This review concise the properties of graphene and enormous application, from a science perspective.
The understanding of the effects of boron (B) toxicity and deficiency on the growth and nutrients accumulation of crop seedlings in the field is required to substantiate the need of adequate dosage for their survival and optimal production. In this study, the susceptibility of Zea mays to excess and deficiency of B was obtained by feeding the seedlings with varied concentrations of B in standard nutrient solution. B was applied as Boric acid (H3BO3) and at the rate of 0.33ppm (FN/B-optimal dosage) which served as control, 0 ppm (-B) served as B-deficient level, 1.65, 3.30 and 6.60ppm (×5B, ×10B and ×20B respectively) served as toxic levels. Results showed that the number of leaves, leaf area, leaf area ratio, shoot fresh and dry weights, root fresh weight and biomass, chlorophyll a, b and total chlorophyll, calcium (Ca), Magnesium (Mg), nitrogen (N), and protein accumulation were significantly reduced by the application of 3.30 ppm (×10B) and 6.60 ppm (×20B) B dosage. The retardation effects of the ×20B level was not significantly different from ×10B level at P<.05 indicating 3.30 ppm (×10B) as the critical level of toxicity for maize seedlings growth and development. The data also showed that toxicity of B was more harmful to juvenile maize than its deficiency since B deficiency diminished just few parameters such as the shoot dry weights, chlorophyll b and total chlorophyll at P<.05. Moreover, the study suggested three different optimal concentrations; 0.33, 1.65 and > 3.30 ppm respectively for general growth, chlorophyll and carotenoids synthesis in maize seedlings. Lastly, the study emphasized the accumulation of carotenoids and potassium (K) as possible adaptive mechanisms evolved by the maize seedlings to B-stress tolerance and suggested an under-play physiological role for B in the formation and development of the seedlings leaf.
The effect of heat treatment on the characteristics and oil yield of fluted pumpkin seeds was investigated. The fluted pumpkin seed samples was divided into four portions A, B, C and D. Samples A, B, C were heated at 100oC, 1300 C and 1500 C respectively for 30 minutes, while sample D served as the control for the experiment. The oil extraction was done using soxhlet extraction method and the extracted oil was characterized using standard methods. The results showed a percentage oil yield of 40.68% for sample A, 44.32% for sample B, 46.37% for sample C and 36.20% for sample D. The specific gravity and density (kg/m3) for extracted oil are 0.95, 0.97, 0.96 and 0.93 and 19.95, 27.47, 24.32 and 23.92 for samples A, B, C and D respectively. Saponification (mg/KOH/kg) and iodine (g/100) values are 274.87, 325.31, 375.87, 173.56 and 109.93, 108.98, 107.53, 105.48 for samples A, B, C and D respectively. The acid value (mg/KOH/g) is 2.22 for sample A, 4.46 for sample B, 6.03 for sample C, and 3.02 for sample D while peroxide value(m/mol/kg) for the extracted samples are 2.38 for sample A, 2.38 for sample B, 2.18 for sample C, and 1.18 for sample D. The free fatty acid (mg/KOH/kg) values are 1.10, 2.32, 3.00, 1.66 for samples A, B, C and D respectively for oil samples extracted. It can be concluded that the oil yield, saponification value, free fatty acid, acid value increases with increase in heating temperature while iodine and peroxide values decreases with increase in temperature. However heating temperature has no significant effect on the specific gravity of the oil. It is therefore recommended that further research should be carried out by extracting the oil after heating at a lower temperature range.
This project serves to develop a new flap design concept entitled "seamless contact trailing edge flap (SCTEF)" and analyze it on a regional airliner model. It covers a wide range of engineering work processes and due to the realistic nature and wide scope of the project, it can be made comparable to real life engineering projects, which engineers deal with in their course of work. CAD models are developed in CATIA V5 R19 software. Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) study will be conducted to explore the effect of new flap concept entitled "seamless contact trailing edge flap (SCTEF)" on lift and drag of the regional airliner during takeoff. In this work ANSYS FLUENT 14.5 was used as Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) software. The working condition of simulation was considers at the aircraft takeoff just before the rotation speed 'V1'. Two configurations (i.e. wing with deflected flap & deflected seamless contact flap) were considered along with an unmodified (no flap deflection) wing as the baseline case. Comparison of lift and drag corresponding to these configurations with baseline configuration (retracted flaps) will be expected to show a definite trend in the results. CFD analysis has shown that new flap design SCTEF concept improves lift and decreases drag which is nothing but more fuel efficient flights and low noise when taking off.
The shaking of the earth's crust at any point causes vibrations that are transmitted across the globe. This movement has the effect of inducing in the soil and in the works of rapidly varying inertial forces over time. Its action is exerted essentially dynamic way, but it takes on different aspects in structures, soil. Is recorded structural damage equipment and manpower. South Kivu province, mainly the city of Bukavu and the neighboring countries were shaken by a violent earthquake, among the rarest recorded in the region, to Sunday 03/02/2008 9:34 local time (7:34 'GMT) . The 6.3 magnitude earthquake on the scale of RICTHER had its epicenter, according to the seismological observatories NSRF / Lwiro, around Birava in the same province, 20 km north of Bukavu, whose home was 33 km deep, according to still the same source (shallow earthquake: less than 60Km). It lasted about 20 seconds. This tectonic phenomenon has generated much of the damage as well geomorphological, material as humans.
Studies on antifungal activity of honey with the objectives of determining the susceptibility of fungal isolate at different dilution of honey was carried out, medically important samples of fungi were collected and isolated from hospital and used in the bioassay following a modified Kirby-bauer technique. The aim of the research was to determine the current level of effectiveness of honey on some humans and animal dermatophyte. The honey was collected from its hunters and vendors in Kano state northern part of Nigeria. Result showed that the higher the concentration of honey the higher the zone diameter of inhibition. Surprisingly, the zones diameter of inhibition at dilution of 20%v/v and 30% v/v induce and increase susceptibility of fungal isolate tested. The finding showed that honey can be used to treat skin infection associated with Trichophyton tonsurans, Microsporum canis and Aspergillus species through topical application.
An attempt has been made to obtain the optimum hollowness in the rollers to increase the fatigue life by decreasing contact stress in the tapered roller bearing. In the present analysis it has been proposed that under the applied load hollow rollers deflects more than a solid roller of the same size. By making the balls hollow which are flexible enough, the stress concentration can be reduced to increase the fatigue life of ball bearings. Finite Element Analysis has been used to investigate the contact pressure, contact stress and deformation as available theoretical method is applied only to solid tapper roller bearing. Using FEA package ANSYS the analysis has been carried out considering the equivalent cylindrical roller of actual tapered roller of the test bearing. Analysis have been made for different hollowness percentage ranging from 0% to 90% of the outer diameter of the equivalent cylindrical roller of actual tapered roller in the ANSYS to find the optimum hollowness for bearing's life period point of view. It is noticed that the approximately 65 % hollowness gives the lowest contact stress which finally increases the fatigue life of the bearing.
Deciding the functional suitability of recycled steel using carbon equivalent (CE) and strength can be misleading since the formulae used to determine CE do not capture many of the elements that play a decisive role in establishing steel values. In this study, a mathematical model is developed to optimize the selection decision from a steel manufacturer considering a stochastic CE distribution. In the given model, a building/fabrication contractor intends to select one of two manufacturers of recycled steel bars basing on CE as determined by the IIW formula and strength values selected in equal monthly intervals. A Markov decision process approach is adopted where three states of a Markov chain represent possible states of CE of steel bars. The ultimate strength, σu, of steel is maximized for minimum CE where the decision to select the best steel is made using dynamic programming over a finite period planning horizon. A numerical example demonstrates the existence of an optimal state-dependent selection decision and strength of steel over the planning horizon.
The study reported in this paper aimed at exploring the factors that contribute to students' low performance in physics. Study participants were 2 physics teachers (a male and a female) and 57 physics students (30 males and 27 females) drawn from a coeducational, government day secondary school located in Embu County in Kenya. The study adopted a mixed method approach, whereby both qualitative and quantitative methods were utilized to gather data. Analysis of quantitative data was done using the SPSS software package while the qualitative data were analyzed manually using thematic content analysis. Three major categories of factors were identified as contributing to students' low performance in physics; namely, learning factors, teaching factors, and administrative factors. Learning factors are those factors that emanate from the learners, such as time management skills and background in mathematics; teaching factors are those factors that are attributable to the teacher, such as quality of teacher-student interactions and teacher's content knowledge; while administrative factors are those factors that can be attributed to the administrative context within the school, such as access to resources and quality of guidance provision. Based on the research findings, a number of recommendations are made to practitioners and policy makers. For teacher educators, a proposal is made to include a course on improvisation in physics education during teacher pre-service training. For the school administrators, it is recommended that mechanisms be put in place to ensure that the students' voice is heard and supported during selection of preferred subject combinations. For teachers, it is recommended that the use of practical and interesting learning experiences during lessons be inculcated right from the first year of secondary education so as to engage the learners and sustain their attention.
Background: Commercial bicycling has become a popular mode of transportation in Kenya, in both rural and urban areas since early 1990's. In Kisumu city, however, its related injuries cause significant morbidity and mortality. Many road users have viewed their presence in the roads as the cause of congestion, confusion, fear, and decreased safety in the roads in the road system. Bicyclists are at high risk of road traffic accidents and the attendant injuries, but are greatly neglected and few community-based studies have investigated the problem in Kenya. Objectives: The primary objectives were; to determine demographic characteristics of the commercial bicyclists, factors associated with road traffic injuries and crashes involving commercial bicyclists. Other objectives were to determine the perception surrounding commercial bicycling, and to determine preferred road safety interventions for commercial bicyclists. Study design and Methods: Population based, cross-sectional study involving Four hundred and twenty commercial bicyclists, five key informants, victims of road traffic crashes and injuries involving commercial bicyclists Cluster, systematic and simple random sampling methods were used to select bicyclists at sites. Questionnaires were administered to the commercial bicyclists; Interviews were also carried out with key informants. Results: The majority of the respondent attained primary education (55.3%), 40.7% completed secondary level of education. The ages of the respondents were grouped as 21-25 years which accounted for 51%, 26-30 years (21.3%),. People prefer using bicycles because they are flexible (39%), and not time consuming (28.9%). Inadequate signals that cannot be understood easily by other users (28.9%) and, riders losing control (19.1%) are the major risk factors. There was significant relationship between drug taking, length of time at work and occurrence of crashes. (χ2 =7.745, p=0.001). A significant association between injury occurrence and condition of roads was also found, (χ2=10.226, p=0.001). Road signs were inadequate (74.5%) and those available were misunderstood. There was significant relationship between inadequate road signs (signals), their misunderstanding within the road and subsequent occurrence of accidents (χ2= 14.305; p= 0.002). Training for bicyclists (36.4%) and bicycle helmets were suggested as road safety intervention measures that could be adopted (34.5%). Conclusion: Commercial bicyclists are men aged below 40years; they are highly exposed to crashes and injuries due to their interaction in the traffic system, since bicyclists riding in, traffic mix feel unsafe and fearful. Therefore, it is very dangerous to ride in a mixed system because there is increased risk of crashes or accident. There are poor traffic law enforcement mechanisms in Kenya. There is need to integrate this economic activity in the road system while minimizing risks to crashes and injuries.
Comparative macro and micromorphology of the leaf and floral features of three species of Plumeria was carried out. The aim was to establish the degree of relatedness or separation of the species through the use of macro-morphology, epidermal and floral features as systematic and taxonomic evidences on three species. All the species possessed unvaried anomocytic stomata type on the abaxial surfaces only. Leaf epidermal cells were irregular in shape with the exception of Plumeria rubra which possessed pentagonal and hexagonal epidermal cell shapes. Stomata index varied from species to species on the abaxial surfaces and could be applied in their delineation. The index for Plumeria rubra, Plumeria obtusa and Plumeria lute were 62.34%, 63.31% and 49.57% respectively. Macroscopically, the leaves of all the species were simple and lanceolate, except for P. obtusa that is elliptic. The apices of P. rubra and P.lutea are acuminate while that of P. obtusa is acute, the leaf margin of P. rubra is undulate while those of P. obtusa and P. lutea are entire. However, flower type, symmetry, inflorescence, arrangement, calyx colour, corolla shapes, floral formula and floral diagram were unvaried and affirm relatedness and placement in same genus. Variations were however observed in the colour of petals. P. rubra is red with yellow centre, while the colour of P. obtusa is white with yellow centre. P. lutea is yellow fading to white at the tip. The similarities and overlaps observed in the leaf and floral morphology, cell shape, stomata type and stomata index of the species have provided evidence for their genetic and evolutionary relationship and justification for their common grouping at the generic and specific taxa circumscription. These are reported for the first and maiden in its application in three species of Plumeria.
The levels of selected essential (Ca, Fe, Zn, Mn, Cr and Cu) and potentially toxic (Cd and Pb) metals were analyzed using flame atomic absorption spectrophotometer (FAAS) from low grade coal and drinking water collected from Chilga, Ethiopia using composite sampling technique by developing an optimized digestion procedure and recovery tests. The average concentrations from the digests were found as Ca (3176.6 ± 12.3 μg/g), Fe (704 ± 3.2 μg/g), Zn (365 ± 5.8 μg/g), Mn (120.2 ± 0.6 μg/g), Cr (53 ± 0.33 μg/g), Cu(167 ± 0.1 μg/g), Pb (14.5 ± 0.12 μg/g) and Cd (0.8 ± 0.04 μg/g) in low grade coal and Ca (142.81 ± 0.05 μg/mL), Fe (9.632 ± 0.06 μg/mL), Zn (18.08 ± 0.4 μg/mL), Mn (3.21 ± 0.3 μg/mL), Cr (3.01 ± 0.02 μg/mL) and Cu(4.165 ± 0.004 μg/mL) in drinking water composite samples. While Pb and Cd were both not detected (ND) for the method used in drinking water sample located in Chilga near the coal area selected. Fe and Zn were obtained predominantly in coal and drinking water respectively.
In this paper, an efficient numerical algorithm to find exact solutions for the system of linear equations based on homotopy perturbation method (HPM) is presented. A reliable modification is proposed, and the modified method is employed to solve the system of linear equations generated from some models of electrical networks; the results are compared with those obtained by the conventional methods of solving the system of linear equations. Two examples are given to illustrate the ability and reliability of the improved homotopy perturbation method. The results reveal that the improved method is very simple and effective.
Cruising for parking angers drivers, increases traffic congestion and pollution, and wastes fuel and time. This paper proposes and studies new strategies for parking guidance based on a network of intelligent agents which can helps drivers to find a parking place, before or during their travel at anytime and anywhere. With reference to the objective that is interested to bring vehicles to vacant parking place with the aim to reduce the traveling time and to ensure efficient use of available parking capacities, this study offer three services: the search for a vacant parking place, directions to that parking place and booking the place for parking. This study takes on optimal route guidance algorithm, which is simulated and analyzed by the platform MATSim transport simulation.
Adsorption of acetic acid from aqueous solution onto activated carbon was investigated to evaluate the effects of initial acetic acid concentration, contact time, nature of adsorbent and adsorbent dose on the removal of acetic acid systematically. The optimal contact time value for acetic acid adsorption onto the activated carbon was found to be 30 minute. Greater percentage of acetic acid adsorbed with increase in the initial concentration of acetic acid and increase in amount of adsorbent used. Adsorption data was modeled using the Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms. For all the samples, these data fitted well the Langmuir isotherm models in the range of the concentrations tested. Maximum amount of acetic acid adsorbed was 16.67 m mol/g. Adsorption of acetic acid onto treated sugar cane bagasse was highly favorable sorption than the activated carbon and the peels of banana.
Project management is regarded as one of the most important tools that have been used to maximize the probability of having a successful project. Nevertheless, most projects fail to achieve their goals, and this is to the detriment of the organizational competitive advantage. In this dilemma, innovation practices have become the engine through which methods, relationships, and processes of project management can be enhanced to increase project successfulness and competitive advantage. The purpose of this study is to investigate the innovation practices in the construction project management process in the Palestinian construction sector. A mixed methods methodology has been used in this research using semi-structured interviews with key project managers and questionnaire deployment. A total of 365 questionnaires were conducted in the consulting and contracting firms that operate in the construction projects sector in Palestine, with an overall response rate of 52.4.%, allowing the testing of a number of theoretical hypotheses. The analysis of the results showed that there is a statistically significant relationship at a significant level (α ≤ 0.05) between five innovation practices: (1) Strategic Management, (2) Internal Innovative Working Environment, (3) External Innovative Working Environment, (4) Stakeholders Management, and (5) Project Management. The value of this research is the identification of the main innovative practices being used in the construction projects in the context of a developing country like Palestine, and the extent to which these practices are being applied.
Agricultural sector plays a very important role in Armenian economy as it employs large share of the entire population and also has a large contribution to the national GDP while it agriculture employs large proportion of the population. In governmental projects and budgets the sector is given high priority. Despite this, the sector is encounters various challenges. This study attempts to examine the trends of agricultural production and to review the agricultural policies, programmes and projects implemented over a period of time in Armenia using a secondary data from various statistical agencies. Policies and projects implemented over the last decades had their big contribution to the overall agricultural output. It was found that there has been a considerable increase in agricultural output from both crop and livestock subsectors in Armenia. Despite this, the study found that Armenian agriculture is yet to attain its potential in crop production and animal husbandry in feeding the growing population and also attending to international market. Therefore, it is recommended that agricultural policies planning and implementation should be participatory and should be directed at supporting and encouraging farmers on export oriented products, application of new technologies and seed varieties. Also, an effective link should be established between research institutions and farmers with the help of agricultural extension services while farmers should also have access to credit facilities.