This scientific publishing consisted by phytochemical screening and evaluation of anti-diarrheic effect of aqueous and ethanol extract of Leucas Martinisensis, a medicinal plant of Bushi (Laureaceae). The process consisted by qualitative chemical analysis of natural substances contained in this plant and biological activities test of their aqueous and ethanol extract on bacterial stumps of E. Coli; V. Cholerae; Sh. Flexineri and Salmonella polyvalento. Obtained results showed that among of founded substances this these plants extracts some of them were efficient on bacterial studs and others not. Some of these extracts were efficient as are some witness and diarrheic drugs. This justifies the using of Leucas Martinisensis plant in traditional treatment of diarrhea.
Neurofibromatosis type 1 is a genetic disease characterized by changes in skin pigmentation and the growth of tumors along nerves in the skin, brain, and other parts of the body. Neurofibromas are the most common benign tumours of Neurofibromatosis type 1 developing at any point along a nerve with a neuro-cutanous tropism. This genetic affection is an autosomal dominant disorder with complete penetrance and an important phenotypic variability. Disease manifestations occur at the childhood mostly before five years. Nevertheless, many de novo cases remain undiagnosed well into adult life. Neurofibroma that occur in the breast and constitute a revealing signs of the disease at adulthood are extremely rare.
We report a case of a 30-year-old woman presenting a neurofibroma of the breast revealing Neurofibromatosis type 1.
In the light of evaluating the chemical characteristics of Cavis meat, 54 animals of age 3 weeks, partitioned in 3 groups of 18 animals each (9 males and 9 females), were monitored individually up to 8 weeks of age and subsequently used for the exercise. Each group received a ration containing 14%, 16% or 18% of crude protein (CP). After 12 hours of fasting/starving, all the animals were slaughtered and muscles (loin, shoulder and thigh) were obtained. The lipid content of the loin of Cavis placed on the ration containing 16% CP (1.75%FM) was comparable (p>0.05) to that of animals that consumed diet containing 14% and 18%CP, respectively 2.50% FM and 1.68% FM. The lipid content of the shoulder muscle from Cavis placed on 16% and 18%CP in their rations were statistically comparable (p>0.05), respectively 2.50% FM and 3.44% FM, but significantly (p<0.05) higher than those placed on 14%CP diet (1.00%FM). Apart from the water content which presents no significant difference (p>0.05) between the different muscle parts, that of lipids, proteins and ash of the thigh muscles were significantly (p<0.05) higher than that of the shoulder and loin muscles. The calcium content of the thigh of Cavis placed on a diet of 18% CP was comparable (p>0.05) to that of animals placed on a diet containing 14% and 16% CP. The sodium content of the loin of cavis placed on a ration containing 14% CP was comparable (p>0.05) to that of animals fed with rations containing 16% and 18% CP. The potassium content of the thigh of Cavis placed on a diet of 16% and 18% CP was comparable (p>0.05) but significantly (p<0.05) lower than that of Cavis fed diet containing 14% CP. The Zinc content of the loin, thigh and shoulder of the animals of batch RC1 (14%CP) and RC2 (16%CP) were statistically comparable (p>0.05) but significantly (p<0.05) lower than those of batch RC3 (18%CP). Apart from contents in Mg and Zn which do not present any significant difference (p>0.05) between the different parts of the muscle, the Ca, Na, K and Fe proportions of the thigh muscle were significantly (p>0.05) higher than those of the shoulder and loin muscles.
Our research is entitled: territorial decentralization in the Democratic Republic of Congo: a new lever for the development of the Decentralized Territorial Entities.
However, in conducting this study, we have pursued the following objectives:- Demonstrate the impact of territorial decentralization on the development of decentralized territorial entities in the Democratic Republic of Congo;- Analyze the factors that will underpin the development of decentralized territorial entities;- Identify practices that block the development process of local entities.
At the end of our investigations, we arrived at the result according to which there are certain practices which hinder local development although the Democratic Republic of Congo has opted for the new management mode which is the territorial decentralization. Finally, in order to conclude this reflection, we felt that, in order for local development to take place within the framework of territorial decentralization, the Congolese political and administrative authorities must change their mentalities in order to trace a new path of development The basis of the other countries of the world.
The objectives of this research are to identify the frequency of cases of sexual violence and the proportion of judgments rendered in relation to sexual violence, to determine the frequency of allowances by the number of judgments rendered in relation to sexual violence, Frequency of allowances by number of judgments rendered, executed and the applicability of Congolese laws and finally to highlight the strengths and limitations of the Congolese judicial procedure in matters of sexual violence before the High Court of Kisangani.
At the end of our analysis, we have the following results: several cases of sexual violence were registered before the District Court of Kisangani between 2010 and 2013 when the latter to better deal with all these files.
It should also be noted that there was a lot of campaigning, sensitization financed by the various partners and a repression at the zenith was observed during the pre-election period.
Finally, based on our findings, we also found that victims of sexual violence do not have easy and fast access to the courts. This has led to discouragement by victims who prefer to use customary negotiated solutions.