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International Journal of Innovation and Scientific Research
ISSN: 2351-8014
 
 
Sunday 20 June 2021

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Pretreatment of textile industry effluents with a perforated intermittent sand filter


Volume 27, Issue 2, November 2016, Pages 303–311

 Pretreatment of textile industry effluents with a perforated intermittent sand filter

Jean-Marie Pétémanagnan Ouattara1, Patricia Olga Tchéhué2, Lacina Coulibaly3, and Savané Issiaka4

1 Laboratory of Environment and Aquatic Biology, Department of Sciences and Environment Management, University of Nangui Abrogoua, 02 BP 801 Abidjan 02, Côte d'Ivoire
2 Laboratory of Geosciences and Environment, Department of Sciences and Environment Management, University of Nangui Abrogoua, 02 BP 801 Abidjan 02, Côte d'Ivoire
3 Unité de recherche en Biotechnologie et Ingénierie de l'Environnement, Université Nangui Abrogoua, Abidjan, 02 BP 801 Abidjan 02, Côte d'Ivoire
4 Laboratoire Géosciences et Environnement (LGE), UFR Sciences et Gestion de l'Environnement (SGE), Université Nangui Abrogoua (UNA), Côte d'Ivoire

Original language: English

Copyright © 2016 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


The textile industry generates a large amount of wastewater containing various pollutants (dyes, heavy metals, salts, etc.), which cause severe problems to the environment. The treatment of these effluents by classical methods (activated sludge and physico-chemical) is very expensive for developing countries. In this context, alternative low-cost technology may be investigated. Among others, the treatment efficiency of a perforated intermittent sand filter was studied on a textile industry effluent in Abidjan. Various filter configurations (perforation area: 150, 300 and 600 cm2) were used. Conductivity, pH and light absorbencies at 436, 525 and 620 nm of the effluent and the filters filtrates were followed up. The relevant results are a decrease of pH from 11 to 6 and 9, desalination and a discoloration of about 45 % of the raw effluent at 436 nm. The best pretreatment of the raw textile effluent was obtained with the perforated intermittent sand filter having 150 cm2. The intermittent filtration of textile industry effluent on a perforated sand filter wise an area of 150 cm2 seems to be a promising alternative for the pretreatment of textile effluent.

Author Keywords: Treatment, adsorption, sand filter, textile effluent, intermittent.


How to Cite this Article


Jean-Marie Pétémanagnan Ouattara, Patricia Olga Tchéhué, Lacina Coulibaly, and Savané Issiaka, “Pretreatment of textile industry effluents with a perforated intermittent sand filter,” International Journal of Innovation and Scientific Research, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 303–311, November 2016.