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International Journal of Innovation and Scientific Research
ISSN: 2351-8014
 
 
Monday 23 July 2018

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Cysticercosis bovis in Eastern Tigray, Northern Ethiopia


Volume 10, Issue 2, October 2014, Pages 522–526

 Cysticercosis bovis in Eastern Tigray, Northern Ethiopia

Haylegebriel Tesfay and Alembrhan Assefa

Original language: English

Received 8 August 2014

Copyright © 2014 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


Taeniasis is an important worldwide food borne parasitic disease. A cross sectional study was conducted on 540 bovine species from October 2012 to March 2013 to determine prevalence and associated risk factors of cysticercosis at Adigrat Municipal Abattoir. The overall prevalence of cysticercosis was 5.73% (29). Infection prevalence of cysticercosis was significantly associated with age, body condition and breed of cattle (P < 0.05). Infection rate of cysticercosis with respect to age group showed that higher prevalence was in cattle 5 and above years (8.47%) than below 5 years (2.96%) (χ2= 7.949, p = 0.003) and infection rate with respect to body condition revealed the highest prevalence (13.5%) was in poor followed by medium and good body condition scores 4.6 and 1.66%, respectively (χ2= 23.1, p = 0.000). Related to breed of cattle highest prevalence (6.31%) was in Holstine – Fresian followed by local (5.2%) and barka breeds (4.91%) (χ2= 0.211, p = 0.036). However, no significant variation was observed with related to sex of cattle (p > 0.05). Heart (35.56%) was the most infected organ by large number of cysts followed by tongue (23.3 %), masseter muscle (14.4 %), tricept muscle (10 %), liver (8.8 %) and tight muscle (7.7%), respectively. In conclusion, results obtained from this study confirm that cysticercosis is a health problem in cattle in the study area. Therefore, it is necessary to establish appropriate strategy for prevention and controls.

Author Keywords: Adigrat abattoir, Prevalence, Cattle, Cysticercosis bovis, Risk factors.


How to Cite this Article


Haylegebriel Tesfay and Alembrhan Assefa, “Cysticercosis bovis in Eastern Tigray, Northern Ethiopia,” International Journal of Innovation and Scientific Research, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 522–526, October 2014.