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International Journal of Innovation and Scientific Research
ISSN: 2351-8014
 
 
Saturday 22 September 2018

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Trends and Differentials of Teenage Birth in Ethiopia


Volume 17, Issue 1, August 2015, Pages 77–90

 Trends and Differentials of Teenage Birth in Ethiopia

Birhanu Worku Urge and Eshetu Wencheko

Original language: English

Received 19 March 2015

Copyright © 2015 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


Globally, each year around 16 million girls aged 15-19 give birth, accounting for around 11 percent of all births. The main advantages of this study were to identify predictors of teenage birth and examine the trend of teenage birth based on data from the three Ethiopian Demographic Surveys (EDHS). Discrete-time hazard modeling was used to estimate the hazard of first birth before age 20 after controlling the effects of socio-economic factors. The results suggested that the overall likelihood of first birth before age 20 among Ethiopia women increased slightly over time in the three EDH surveys. At the individual level, women's education, especially secondary and higher educational level, had the strongest effect to delay first birth during adolescence in the three surveys. Residing in urban areas was also inversely associated with teenage birth. Having media exposure has a significant delaying influence, but the effect was low in the 2011 EDHS data. These findings reinforce our understanding that the government should continue its efforts to promote female education, especially higher education.

Author Keywords: First birth, Teenage birth, Discrete-time, Hazard model, Person-Period Data.


How to Cite this Article


Birhanu Worku Urge and Eshetu Wencheko, “Trends and Differentials of Teenage Birth in Ethiopia,” International Journal of Innovation and Scientific Research, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 77–90, August 2015.