|
Twitter
|
Facebook
|
Google+
|
VKontakte
|
LinkedIn
|
 
 
International Journal of Innovation and Scientific Research
ISSN: 2351-8014
 
 
Tuesday 22 May 2018

About IJISR

News

Submission

Downloads

Archives

Custom Search

Contact

Connect with IJISR

  Call for Papers (May 2018)  
 
 
 

Caractérisation du risque bactériologique des déchets médicaux et pharmaceutiques solides de l'hôpital Mohamed V de Meknès (Maroc)


Volume 20, Issue 2, February 2016, Pages 259–267

 Caractérisation du risque bactériologique des déchets médicaux et pharmaceutiques solides de l'hôpital Mohamed V de Meknès (Maroc)

Jawad BOUZID, Abdelkader CHAHLAOUI, Abdelaziz BOUHLAL, and Khadija OUARRAK

Original language: French

Received 29 August 2015

Copyright © 2016 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


The management of the issue of medical and pharmaceutical waste is embarrassing to many countries. Morocco does not escape this reality. Since the first circular in 1991, Morocco has developed the legal arsenal because they pose risks to health and environment.
The objective of our study is to characterize the risk of bacteriological solid waste of care units in Mohamed V hospital.
The sample includes five Care units with significant waste production: intensive, the burnt, the Emergent, the Respiratory and central operating room. This hospital is a regional focus with a bed capacity of 388 and serves a population of 2 186 000 citizen. Twice, it won the first prize of quality competition organized annually by the Ministry of Health.
We advocated as methodology the analysis samples in medical laboratory. The samples are as follows: Ten samples from the Medical waste before treatment at ECODAS T300 grinder and five after theme treatment.
Pathogens were obvious from the analysis before the treatment, which is normal. However, an alarming point is their persistence even after treatment with the grinder.
These results raise the question of the effectiveness of treatment systems by grinding in general and in particular for ECODAS T300: which it is designed for sterilization (complete destruction of germs) or simply for disinfecting (reduction of microbial burden)?


Author Keywords: Health, risk, waste, hospital, Meknes.


Abstract: (french)


Le Maroc, depuis 1991, a élaboré un arsenal juridique sur les déchets médicaux et pharmaceutiques car ils constituent un risque pour la santé et l'environnement.
Notre objectif est de caractériser le risque bactériologique de ces déchets au niveau des unités de soins les plus productives de déchets au niveau de l'hôpital Mohamed V de Meknès. Ce dernier, avec 388 lits, il dessert 2 186 000 habitants. Il a eu, en 2011 et en 2012, le premier prix du concours qualité organisé par le ministère de la santé.
L'analyse des échantillons a été réalisée au laboratoire d'analyses médicales. Dix prélèvements avant traitement au broyeur de type ECODAS T300 et cinq à partir du broyat.
Avant le broyage, ont été isolés: E.coli, Pseudomonas, Salmonella…etc. Leur persistance après broyage est démontrée.
Ceci soulève la question d'efficacité des systèmes ECODAS T300: sont-ils conçus pour la stérilisation (détruire les germes) ou pour la désinfection (réduire leur nombre)?


Author Keywords: santé, risques, déchets, hôpital, Meknès.


How to Cite this Article


Jawad BOUZID, Abdelkader CHAHLAOUI, Abdelaziz BOUHLAL, and Khadija OUARRAK, “Caractérisation du risque bactériologique des déchets médicaux et pharmaceutiques solides de l'hôpital Mohamed V de Meknès (Maroc),” International Journal of Innovation and Scientific Research, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 259–267, February 2016.