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A lighting on the entrepreneurial process of the Moroccans seniors-entrepreneurs: an approach by theory of effectuation

[ Un éclairage sur le processus entrepreneurial des seniors entrepreneurs marocains : Une approche par la théorie d’effectuation ]

Volume 25, Issue 1, June 2016, Pages 174–184

 A lighting on the entrepreneurial process of the Moroccans seniors-entrepreneurs: an approach by theory of effectuation

Taoufik YATRIBI and Said BALHADJ

Original language: French

Received 23 February 2016

Copyright © 2016 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The current context in Morocco is marked by an important demographic change where the retired people are going to represent the most important segment of the population due to the ageing of the population. The entrepreneurship appears as a credible solution to maintain this category in working, what will allow to create jobs and to strengthen the growth. Based an exploratory qualitative study, this article aims to study the entrepreneurial process of the Moroccan-engineers-entrepreneurs. More exactly, we shall try to understand how these people spreads in entrepreneurship. Based on effectuation theory of entrepreneurship was proposed by Saras Sarasvathy, the results reveal that the seniors Moroccan entrepreneurs proceed with an effectual logic. They start with their means, by defining acceptable losses, by favoring the strategic partnerships, by being opened on the surprises and by creating their own universe. The theoretical and managerial implications of this study will be discussed.

Author Keywords: Entrepreneurial process, theory of effectuation, engineers-entrepreneurs.

Abstract: (french)

Le contexte actuel au Maroc est marqué par un changement démographique important où les retraités vont représenter le segment de la population le plus important dû au vieillissement de la population. L’entrepreneuriat apparaît comme une solution crédible pour maintenir cette catégorie en activité, ce qui permettra de créer des emplois et renforcer la croissance. À l’appui d’une étude qualitative exploratoire, cet article a pour objectif d’étudier le processus entrepreneurial des ingénieurs entrepreneurs marocains. Plus précisément, nous chercherons à comprendre comment ces personnes se déploient en entrepreneuriat. En s’appuyant sur la théorie d’effectuation proposée par Saras Sarasvathy, les résultats révèlent que les séniors entrepreneurs marocains procèdent avec une logique effectuale. Ils démarrent avec leurs moyens, en définissant des pertes acceptables, en privilégiant les partenariats stratégiques, en étant ouvertes sur les surprises et en créant leur propre univers. Les implications théoriques et managériales de cette étude seront discutées.

Author Keywords: Processus entrepreneuriale, théorie d’effectuation, ingénieurs entrepreneurs.

How to Cite this Article

Taoufik YATRIBI and Said BALHADJ, “A lighting on the entrepreneurial process of the Moroccans seniors-entrepreneurs: an approach by theory of effectuation,” International Journal of Innovation and Scientific Research, vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 174–184, June 2016.