The environment in the country is threatened particularity in Sud-Kivu in different aspects and one of them which must be taken with care is the pollution made by plastics. Over their presence in dumps, there plastic rubish are found everywhere in roads, streets, avenues even in roads which lead to villages. In addition, these rubbish are being found in the fields and pastures. After having observed most of beasts with the presence of strange plastics, an hypothesis given by some farmers is that there were plastics covered with oil and salt according to their opinion. Surely, scientifically we wondered if humanly speaking that is possible whereas these farmers provide cows to butchery. There farmers make their cows swallow plastic materials in order to bring them elsewhere to be bred. This study was done in order to comprehend exactly what is taking place and the consequences of plastic rubbish and ingested clothes. With the sample of 1270 beasts slaughtered in the four slaughterhouses, we got 179 beasts having strange elements : 13,4% at Mugogo, 12,1% at Mudaka, 14,7% at Beach Muhanzi and 22,5% specialy for little ruminant at Beach Muhanzi/ Kachoma. During the research of diagnosis protocol on an animal living emaciated, the reductions approved of ruminating constitute presumptive elements in our area deeply polluted. The scarcity of farming lands and the one of forage (lack of integral agriculture) situation which render beast to be vulnerable on pica (sickness of flesh). From there primary results, 24 beasts were diagnosed and confirmed after "laparotomie" in investigation followed by a "rumenotomie". A experiment of healing by administrating beer "coca-cola" in its selling states destined in human beverage does not give any result as it is the case of "emollients" and "laxactifs". This drink doesn't affect these plastic rubbish in vitro conditions of dose in the mixture of a rumenal sac and coca-cola diluted rate of 50%.
A retrospective study on the reasons of seizures of organs of animals done at the public slaughterhouse of Blessed has been led on one period of five years since 2007 till 2011. To shortcoming an analysis of its results we look for results to seizures meats characteristics whose energetic value should have suved the cellular metabolism, it has been noted a number very important of carcasses on which have been achieved of the partial seizures. A total of 3077 cases that corresponded to 2835,75 kg of meat seizure have been observed during the study; cattle covered the biggest proportions. The losses in animal proteins were therefore real. Being about the spoil types, fifteen motives constituted the reason of seizure of one or the other of the organs on the whole in the species bovine, ovine, caprine and porcine. The bad bled, the distomatose, the pulmonary emphysema, the cysticercose, the caseification, the abscesses, the adhesions, the dotted liver, the tuberculose, the blow up spleen, the angiocholite, the kidney stones, the hydronephrose, the metastrongylose and the verminous nodules. Among the four studied species, the bovine was the most interesting for which one noted 2197 cases, either 71,4%, in case of pig, 722 cases (23,46%). Among the small ruminants, the goat covered 3,37% and sheep only achieved 1,75%. According spoil frequencies, there are no differences statically. Considering the category of meats seized, it is useful to signal that most came from the red viscera. In a general manner, the yearly averages were respectively of 29,4cas and 47,5Kg, numbers that are spectacular enough on time where the needs in meat are increasing.
The research went on in BUSHUMBA Grouping (Kabare Territory) and aims at assessing (evaluating) the production and commercialization (selling) of soya in this area, since it contribute satisfactory to the development of KABARE Territory in BUSHUMBA grouping particularly and South Kivu province generally. Through the inductive method, direct observation and investigation we came to the following results: 82, 1% of sample population state that the production of soya have reduced the rate of poverty in their home (s), 17,9% of them have rejected the fact. Then the following recommendations (suggestions) could be given: May the sensitization meeting about nutritious values of soya be organized by the medical staff in order to encourage the producer to benefit from their production. Secondly may the public service collaborate sufficiently with both sellers and producers so as to motivate to be creative and take themselves in charge (support themselves). Finally, may the local producer population accept willingly the (other) industrial soya seeds (hybrid-seed) so that they produce more.
The research went on in KAVUMU Rural Commune and aims at designing a duty reference of self-entrepreneur in a small agri-company as a strategy to reduce the unemployment rate in this area. Through this study we show how the unemployment rate is high for the schooled young aged of 15 and 35.The number of street children may also be increased by this situation which becomes now adays a more theatful than before. The young run the risk of being recruited in different army group that can promise them a well being in future. Trying to find an intermediate solution to fight against un employment of the young in KAVUMU Commune, we mention the following result: more than 50% of population chose the self entrepreneur but they face the problem of skills (needed skills) for resulting to a lasting management (the capacity to manage a firm) is the most important so there is the need of a professional training to clarify and the strengthen the self entrepreneurship in a perfect development.This may be implemented only by a curriculum of duty reference about self entrepreneur which integrate all the processor of training such as: Activities-Skills-how to do things-how to behave and the reassessment criteria and rules required to manage a company through small may it be.